Consumer Financial Services Law Monitor

Consumer Financial Services Law Monitor

monitoring the financial services industry to help companies navigate through regulatory compliance, enforcement, and litigation issues

Alan D. Wingfield

Alan D. Wingfield

Blog Role:
Editor – Auto Finance

CFS Value:
Alan specializes in regulatory compliance as well as litigation matters.

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TCPA Defendant Settles Class Claims on Individual Basis Following Counterclaims for Harassment and Racketeering

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Credit Reporting & Data Brokers, Debt Buyers & Collectors
BrandRep, the defendant in a Telephone Consumer Protection Act putative class action lawsuit pending in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, recently settled putative nationwide class claims on an individual basis, resulting in dismissal of the case.  The settlement came on the heels of BrandRep’s assertion of counterclaims that put… Continue Reading

Join Us on March 23 for a Complimentary Webinar on Electronic Fund Transfer Act (EFTA) – Latest Trends and Developments

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, CFS Events, Featured Posts, Payment Processing & Cards
Over the past few years, Regulation E, which implements the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, has been cited by federal regulators in rulemaking, enforcement actions and bulletins. The CFPB has not only used the EFTA in its rulemaking concerning prepaid accounts, but it has filed enforcement actions for alleged violations of EFTA and issued bulletins concerning… Continue Reading

District Court Finds That Sending Copy of Background Check Satisfies FCRA Pre-Adverse Action Obligations

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
Under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, when an employer is considering rejecting an applicant based on a background check (often referred to as a consumer report), it must follow certain “pre-adverse” action procedures.  Specifically, an employer must provide the applicant with a copy of his or her background check and a summary of rights under… Continue Reading

Defendant Requests Rehearing En Banc of Ninth Circuit’s Finding of Willful FCRA Violation

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
As we previously reported, on January 20, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision of first impression in Syed v. M-I, LLC, a putative class action, when it held that a prospective employer willfully violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act by including a liability waiver in its background check disclosure form.  The Ninth… Continue Reading

Court Denies Background Screener’s Spokeo Motion Related to Address History Reporting

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
On February 13, a judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York denied a background screening company’s motion to dismiss a putative Fair Credit Reporting Act class action on the basis of the Supreme Court’s holding in Spokeo v. Robins, 136 S. Ct. 1540 (2016).  As has been the… Continue Reading

Join Us on February 9 for a Complimentary Webinar on Redlining and Fair Lending

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Auto Finance, CFS Events, Mortgage Lenders & Servicers
Join Troutman Sanders Partners James W. Stevens and Alan D. Wingfield on Thursday, February 9 at 12 p.m. ET for a complimentary webinar to discuss current trends and outlook for the key fair lending issues of redlining and disparate impact. Specific topics of discussion include the basics of federal regulators’ theories and methodologies in assessing redlining… Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Reverses Dismissal of Plaintiffs’ FCRA Complaint against Fannie Mae

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
In an unpublished decision, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that a complaint sufficiently alleged that Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) may act as a consumer reporting agency (“CRA”) under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, which could potentially subject Fannie Mae to the accuracy requirements imposed by section 1681e(b) of the FCRA. In… Continue Reading

Employers Beware: Ninth Circuit Finds Inclusion of Liability Waiver in FCRA Background Check Disclosure Form is a Willful Violation

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
On January 20, 2017, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision of first impression in Syed v. M-I, LLC, a putative class action, when it held that a prospective employer willfully violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) by including a liability waiver in its FCRA background check disclosure form. Any employer who… Continue Reading

Third Circuit Finds Consumer Standing in FCRA Data Breach Litigation

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Credit Reporting & Data Brokers
On January 20, the Third Circuit in In re Horizon Healthcare Services Data Breach Litigation reversed a district court’s dismissal of a lawsuit under the Fair Credit Reporting Act involving a data breach at Horizon Healthcare.  The Third Circuit held that the plaintiffs had standing to pursue their claims under the FCRA without any accompanying… Continue Reading

District Court Finds That “Complete and Up to Date” Requirement of FCRA § 1681K Does Not Include an Accuracy Component

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening, Credit Reporting & Data Brokers, Featured Posts
A consumer reporting agency complies with § 1681k(a)(2) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”) if it “maintain[s] strict procedures designed to insure that whenever public record information which is likely to have an adverse effect on a consumer’s ability to obtain employment is reported it is complete and up to date.” In Kelly v.… Continue Reading

Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler Announces Resignation on Dec. 15, 2016, Signaling Potential Reform to the Telephone Consumer Protect Act (TCPA)

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Cyber Security, Information Governance & Privacy, Debt Buyers & Collectors
Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler said Thursday that he’ll step down from his post on Jan. 20, 2017. Wheeler was appointed by President Obama three years ago to lead the FCC. Prior to his October 2013 confirmation as the 31st chairman of the FCC, Wheeler served as managing director at venture capital firm Core… Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Hears Oral Argument in Spokeo Following Remand From Supreme Court

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
On December 13, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals heard arguments in the long‑simmering Robins v. Spokeo Inc. putative class action, following reversal of the appellate court’s previous opinion by the Supreme Court.  Robins alleges that Spokeo violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act by maintaining various inaccurate data points about the plaintiff in an online… Continue Reading

Court Finds That Spokeo Does Not Bar Enforcement of Background Check Class Action Settlement

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
In Schumacher v. SC Data Center, the plaintiff brought three class action claims against SC Data Center, Inc. under the Fair Credit Reporting Act related to its pre-employment background check process.  Specifically, the plaintiff alleged that SC Data Center’s background check process violated the disclosure and adverse action provisions of the FCRA.  The substance of… Continue Reading

California Federal Court Remands Background Check Class Action on Basis of Article III Standing

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
On December 2, the court in Lee v. Hertz Corp., No. 15-cv-04562-BLF (N.D. Cal.) granted a motion to dismiss a putative Fair Credit Reporting Act class action against Hertz.  The court’s order, which was based on a finding that the named plaintiffs—Peter Lee and Latonya Campbell—lacked Article III standing, remanded the case to San Francisco… Continue Reading

OPM Issues Final Rule on Inquiring into Job Applicants’ Criminal History and Credit Information

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening, Credit Reporting & Data Brokers
Effective January 3, 2017, the Office of Personnel Management will require that, unless an exception has been granted, federal hiring agencies cannot inquire into an applicant’s criminal history or adverse credit information until after a conditional offer of employment has been made.  This federal initiative is consistent with, and provides a timely reminder of, the… Continue Reading

Join Us on December 14 for a Webinar on Impact of Trump Administration for Banking & Financial Services Industry

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, CFS Events, State Attorneys General, CFPB, & FTC
Join Troutman Sanders Partners Ashley L. Taylor, Jr., Alan D. Wingfield and Mary C. Zinsner for a complimentary webinar to discuss likely impact points for the banking and financial services industry when President-Elect Donald Trump begins his administration in January 2017. Specific topics of discussion include the potential repeal in whole or part of the… Continue Reading

Facebook Challenges Constitutionality of TCPA’s Prohibition on Automated Text Messages

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Cyber Security, Information Governance & Privacy
In a motion filed in a putative class action pending in California, Facebook, Inc. seeks to dismiss claims under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, arguing, among other things, that the TCPA as applied to Facebook’s “status update” text messages is unconstitutional.  The plaintiff in Holt v. Facebook, Inc., No. 3:16-cv-02266-JST (N.D. Cal.), alleges that Facebook… Continue Reading

Judge Grants Summary Judgment for Bank of America in Putative FCRA Disclosure and Authorization Class Action

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening, Credit Reporting & Data Brokers
On October 13, Judge Christina A. Snyder of the United States District Court for the Central District of California granted summary judgment in favor of Bank of America and other defendants in a putative Fair Credit Reporting Act class action.  In Robert Berrellez v. Pontoon Solutions, Inc. et al., No. 2:15-cv-01898, the plaintiff alleged that… Continue Reading

District of Arizona Grants Summary Judgment to JPMorgan Chase on FCRA Background Screening Class Action

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
In a case with important positive implications for banks conducting federally-required background checks on job applicants and employees, in Amanda Mix v. JPMorgan Chase, No. 2:15-cv-01102-JJT, the United States District Court for the District of Arizona granted JPMorgan Chase’s summary judgment motion on Plaintiff’s background screening class action. Plaintiff claimed that Chase violated the Fair… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Rules CFPB “For Cause” Removal of the Director Unconstitutional, but Declines to Shut it Down

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Featured Posts, State Attorneys General, CFPB, & FTC
Until October 10, none of the constitutional or scope of enforcement authority challenges to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (“CFPB” or Bureau”) power have been successful. That changed on October 11 when the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia held the Director of the Bureau has too much unilateral, unchecked power and… Continue Reading

Join Us on November 3 for a Webinar on “The Ten Commandments to Avoid Lender Liability”

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Auto Finance, CFS Events, Featured Posts, Mortgage Lenders & Servicers
In good times and bad, one of the single largest legal risks for lenders is liability claims brought by borrowers.  Either asserted defensively when the borrower is unable to repay, offensively when the borrower has suffered a loss in a transaction financed by the loan, or as in an entrepreneurial effort to recover money based… Continue Reading

FTC Issues Staff Paper Focusing on Lead Generation

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Credit Reporting & Data Brokers, Cyber Security, Information Governance & Privacy
On September 15, the Federal Trade Commission published a staff paper providing its perspective on the lead generation business.  Although the FTC recognized some of the advantages of lead generation, the paper was a clear warning to “unscrupulous actors in the lead generation industry” of potential consequences.  The staff paper signals that the FTC is… Continue Reading

DISH Network Agrees to Settle Fair Credit Reporting Act Claims

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Background Screening
DISH Network, LLC and DISH Network Service, LLC have agreed to pay $1.75 million to settle class action claims that they violated certain provisions of the Fair Credit Reporting Act related to ordering consumer reports for employment purposes.  The December 4, 2012 complaint alleged that DISH required companies contracted to install DISH products to obtain… Continue Reading

FCC Sets Tight Boundaries for TCPA Government-Backed Loan Exception

Posted in ALL CFS Blog Entries, Auto Finance, Debt Buyers & Collectors, Mortgage Lenders & Servicers
As we previously reported, section 301(b) of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 permits an exception to the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 for calls and text messages “made solely to collect a debt owed to or guaranteed by the United States.”  Although the TCPA generally prohibits calls and text messages using automatic telephone dialing… Continue Reading